Jurassic Park is a 1993 American science fiction adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and produced by Kathleen Kennedy and Gerald R. Molen. It is the first installment in the Jurassic Park franchise, and is based on the 1990 novel of the same name by Michael Crichton and a screenplay written by Crichton and David Koepp. The film is set on the fictional island of Isla Nublar, located off Central America’s Pacific Coast near Costa Rica.
There, billionaire philanthropist John Hammond and a small team of genetic scientists have created a wildlife park of de-extinct dinosaurs. When industrial sabotage leads to a catastrophic shutdown of the park’s power facilities and security precautions, a small group of visitors and Hammond’s grandchildren struggle to survive and escape the perilous island.
- Starring : Sam Neill / Laura Dern
- Genre : Action / Adventure / Sci-Fi / Thriller
- Country : United States
- Language : English / Spanish
- Director : Steven Spielberg
- Production : Universal Pictures / Amblin Entertainment
- Distributor : Universal Pictures / United International Pictures (UIP) / B&H Film Distribution / Deliverance Pictures / Finnkino / Lucernafilm – Alfa / Solar Entertainment / Universal Pictures International (UPI) / Argentina Video Home / BBC One / CIC Video / CIC Vídeo / CIC-Taft Home Video / Columbia TriStar Home Entertainment / Egmont Entertainment / Home Video Hellas (HVH) / ITV 2 / Kanal 2 / MCA/Universal Home Video / Mainostelevisio (MTV3) / National Broadcasting Company (NBC) / Netflix / Pioneer / Prem’er Video Fil’m / Sony Pictures Entertainment / TV3 Norge / TV5 / Universal Home Video / Universal Pictures Finland / Universal Pictures Home Entertainment (UPHE) / Universal Sony Pictures Home Entertainment Nordic / Universal Studios Home Video / Veronica / VideoVisa / Waylen Group
Jurassic Park movie
Jurassic Park release date
- June 9, 1993 : USA (Washington, D.C.) (premiere)
- June 11, 1993 : USA
- July 15, 1993 : UK (London) (premiere)
- July 16, 1993 : UK
- July 16, 1993 : Ireland
- July 24, 1993 : Japan
- August 11, 1993 : Philippines
- September 2, 1993 : Australia
- September 2, 1993 : Germany
- September 3, 1993 : Sweden
- September 30, 1993 : Spain
- October 20, 1993 : France
- April 15, 1994 : India
- August 26, 1994 : USA (re-release)
- September 9, 2011 : Spain (Phenomena Barcelona)
- September 23, 2011 : UK (re-release)
- September 23, 2011 : Ireland (re-release)
- November 19, 2011 : Spain (Phenomena Madrid)
- February 4, 2012 : Canada (Digital Film Festival)
- April 4, 2013 : United Arab Emirates (3-D version)
- April 4, 2013 : Australia (3-D version)
- April 5, 2013 : India (3-D version)
- April 5, 2013 : USA (3-D version)
- May 1, 2013 : France (3-D version)
- May 29, 2013 : Philippines (3-D version)
- May 30, 2013 : Singapore (3-D version)
- June 5, 2013 : Sweden (3-D version)
- July 18, 2013 : Israel (3-D version)
- August 23, 2013 : Spain (3-D version)
- August 23, 2013 : UK (3-D version)
- August 23, 2013 : Ireland (3-D version)
- September 5, 2013 : Germany (3-D version)
- July 30, 2014 : USA (Traverse City Film Festival)
- December 14, 2014 : Spain (Phenomena Madrid) (re-release)
- December 26, 2014 : Spain (Barcelona) (re-release)
- September 2, 2017 : France (Deauville Film Festival)
- December 28, 2017 : Canada (Sony Centre for the Performing Arts)
Jurassic Park cast
- Sam Neill as Grant
- Laura Dern as Ellie
- Jeff Goldblum as Malcolm
- Richard Attenborough as Hammond
- Bob Peck as Muldoon
- Martin Ferrero as Gennaro
- BD Wong as Wu(as B. D. Wong)
- Joseph Mazzello as Tim
- Ariana Richards as Lex
- Samuel L. Jackson as Arnold
- Wayne Knight as Nedry
- Gerald R. Molen as Harding(as Jerry Molen)
- Miguel Sandoval as Rostagno
- Cameron Thor as Dodgson
- Christopher John Fields as Volunteer #1
Before Crichton’s novel was published, four studios put in bids for its film rights. With the backing of Universal Studios, Spielberg acquired the rights for $1.5 million before its publication in 1990; Crichton was hired for an additional $500,000 to adapt the novel for the screen. Koepp wrote the final draft, which left out much of the novel’s exposition and violence and made numerous changes to the characters.
Filming took place in California and Hawaii between August and November 1992, and post-production rolled until May 1993, supervised by Spielberg in Poland as he filmed Schindler’s List. The dinosaurs were created with groundbreaking computer-generated imagery by Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) and with life-sized animatronic dinosaurs built by Stan Winston’s team. To showcase the film’s sound design, which included a mixture of various animal noises for the dinosaur roars, Spielberg invested in the creation of DTS, a company specializing in digital surround sound formats. The film also underwent an extensive $65 million marketing campaign, which included licensing deals with over 100 companies.
Jurassic Park premiered on June 9, 1993, at the Uptown Theater in Washington, D.C., and was released on June 11 in the United States. It went on to gross over $914 million worldwide in its original theatrical run becoming the highest-grossing film of 1993 and the highest-grossing film ever at the time, a record held until the release of Titanic in 1997. It received highly positive reviews from critics, who praised its special effects, John Williams’ musical score, and Spielberg’s direction. Following its 3D re-release in 2013 to celebrate its 20th anniversary, Jurassic Park became the seventeenth film in history to surpass $1 billion in ticket sales. The film won more than twenty awards, including three Academy Awards for its technical achievements in visual effects and sound design. Jurassic Park is considered a landmark in the development of computer-generated imagery and animatronic visual effects and was followed by four commercially successful sequels; The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997), Jurassic Park III (2001), Jurassic World (2015) and Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018), with a fifth sequel, currently titled Jurassic World 3, scheduled for a 2021 release. In 2018, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant”.
Industrialist John Hammond, head of bioengineering company InGen, creates a theme park called Jurassic Park featuring cloned dinosaurs and prehistoric plants, on the Costa Rican island of Isla Nublar. Following an accident at the site, lawyer Donald Gennaro, representing his investors, orders he gets experts to certify his park is safe.
Hammond takes a group consisting of Gennaro, mathematician and chaos theorist Ian Malcolm, paleontologist Dr. Alan Grant and paleobotanist Dr. Ellie Sattler, to see the park he has created, all of whom are shocked to see living dinosaurs upon arriving. Hammond reveals that InGen created the dinosaurs through cloning – the process used preserved DNA in amber, with DNA from frogs used to fill in missing genomes. When Dr. Henry Wu points out breeding is prevented by having all dinosaurs genetically engineered as females, Malcolm theorizes that nature will overcome this obstacle in time.
Hammond arranges for the group, joined by his grandchildren Tim and Lex, to take a tour of the island, while he oversees things with his chief engineer Ray Arnold, and lead computer programmer Dennis Nedry. However, the tour is cut short after being a failure, as a tropical storm approaches the island; while Sattler stays to help treat a sick Triceratops, the rest head back for the center. With most of the park’s employees having left for the mainland, Nedry begins sabotaging the park’s security systems, having been approached by a representative of a rival corporation to steal fertilized dinosaur embryos for them.
As the storm hits, the power goes out, causing the dinosaurs to escape, while stranding the tour vehicles near the pen of a Tyrannosaurus rex. The dinosaur soon attacks the vehicles, devouring Gennaro, injuring Malcolm, and forcing Grant, Tim and Lex into the park’s dinosaur reserves. Sattler, joining the park’s game warden Robert Muldoon, attempts to rescue them, but they are forced to bring Malcolm back when the Tyrannosaurus pursues them. Nedry, having acquired the embryos, attempts to reach the island’s dock, but loses his way in the storm, becomes stranded, and is killed by a Dilophosaurus.
After the storm passes the following morning, Grant comes across broken egg shells with the children and realizes the dinosaurs were given the DNA of Common reed frogs who can overcome a single-sex environment, thus proving Malcolm right that breeding control methods would fail. The group soon proceed to return to the visitor center.
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